Solitary pulmonary nodules or Lung nodules are round or oval shaped spots that may develop in the lungs and are usually detected in chest X-rays or CT scans that are performed for other purposes. The presence of the nodules is likely to be overlooked in physical examinations since there are few, if any, symptoms associated with their presence. They result from lung cancer, old scars and infections such as tuberculosis or lung diseases caused by some forms of fungi. Other causes include exposure to lung irritants such as coal dust or silica, abnormal blood vessels and inflammatory conditions. Nodules in the lungs are normally discovered by accident.
Clinical significance of noncalcified lung nodules in patients with breast cancer
Fibrosis From Radiation for Breast Cancer
Radiation-induced lung disease RILD is a frequent complication of radiotherapy to the chest for chest wall or intrathoracic malignancies and can have a variety of appearances, especially depending on when the patient is imaged. Acute and late phases are described, corresponding to radiation pneumonitis and radiation fibrosis , respectively. The demographics of patients affected by radiation-induced lung disease are those of the underlying condition for which radiation therapy was performed. Typically patients have received radiation therapy for one of the following:.
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Role of treatment for solitary pulmonary nodule in breast cancer patients
Christopher Shaffer, a pulmonary and critical care physician with Penn State Health Pulmonary Medicine, speaks with a patient. While most nodules are harmless, in some cases they may be malignant. Because early detection and treatment of lung cancer can significantly increase the chances of survival, it is important to see a pulmonologist for an evaluation of any newly discovered nodule. A majority of nodules are found in an X-ray or CT scan that was ordered for an unrelated complaint.