Most prostate cancers are first found as a result of screening with a prostate-specific antigen PSA blood test or a digital rectal exam DRE. See Screening Tests for Prostate Cancer. If prostate cancer is suspected based on results of screening tests or symptoms, tests will be needed to be sure. The actual diagnosis of prostate cancer can only be made with a prostate biopsy discussed below. If your doctor suspects you might have prostate cancer, he or she will ask you about any symptoms you are having, such as any urinary or sexual problems, and how long you have had them.
Prostate cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
Prostate cancer is a common form of cancer for males. It affects the prostate gland, which plays a role in producing semen. Prostate cancer affects 1 in 9 males , according to the American Cancer Society ACS , and the risk increases after a person reaches the age of 50 years old. This type of cancer is highly treatable, especially if a person receives a diagnosis in the early stages. Statistics show that nearly everyone with a diagnosis of localized or regional prostate cancer will survive at least another 5 years. However, prostate cancer often produces no symptoms in the early stages.
TRexit: The Movement to Leave Traditional Prostate Biopsy Behind
When your prostate was biopsied, the samples taken were studied under the microscope by a specialized doctor with many years of training called a pathologist. The pathologist sends your doctor a report that gives a diagnosis for each sample taken. Information in this report will be used to help manage your care. The questions and answers that follow are meant to help you understand medical language you might find in the pathology report from your prostate biopsy.
Although cancer in the US has gradually decreased since its peak in , many Americans are still at risk of falling ill to this menace despite the advancement in treatment and detection. Prostate cancer, which is a type of carcinoma as the cancerous cells transform into tumor affecting the prostate gland, remains a top cancer ailment among men — second only to skin cancer. Males are at risk of getting prostate cancer since only men have prostate glands. There are several ways to detect and determine if one has prostate cancer. However for more accuracy, especially if the PSA is not to specific, the doctor will suggest a Prostate biopsy.