Leptomeningeal metastases are a relatively uncommon but serious complication of cancers such as breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma. Most often seen in advanced cancers, leptomeningeal disease is increasing in incidence as people are living longer with advanced cancer. Leptomeningeal disease may also be referred to as carcinomatous meningitis or neoplastic meningitis. Most often with this complication, people have multiple neurological symptoms including visual changes, speech problems, weakness or numbness of one side of the body, loss of balance, confusion, or seizures. Diagnosis is usually made with a combination of an MRI and spinal tap. Unlike the spread of cancer to the brain itself brain metastases , leptomeningeal metastases involve the spread of cancer cells to the cerebrospinal fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord.
Breast Cancer Spread to the Brain
Clinical Challenges: Breast Cancer With Brain Metastasis | MedPage Today
Breast cancer that has spread to the brain 2. Newly diagnosed or worried about a symptom? Treating secondary breast cancer in the brain 5. Managing symptoms of secondary breast cancer in the brain 6.
Clinical Challenges: Breast Cancer With Brain Metastasis
Metastatic breast cancer, also known as stage IV breast cancer, is the most advanced form of breast cancer 3. If breast cancer is not diagnosed and treated early, it can spread to nearby organs or enter the bloodstream and spread to distant organs in a process known as metastasis. Once breast cancer has turned metastatic, the disease is usually incurable. Only 1 to 3 percent of patients with metastatic breast cancer recover from the disease, notes the California Breast Cancer Research Program.
Metastatic breast cancer is breast cancer that has spread beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes to other parts of the body most often the bones, lungs, liver or brain. For some people, metastatic breast cancer only spreads to one part of the body. For other people, the cancer spreads to multiple parts of the body over time.